skip to main content

Other Class Info

Descriptions and Objectives of Pre-kindergarten Activities  


Sand and Water

By going to the sand and water tables, the child is learning to:

  • Observe materials to see how they compare and contrast (adding water to dry sand to see how it changes).
  • Understand cause-and-effect relationships (predicting what will happen when soap flakes are added to water).
  • Observe conservation of volume (pouring sand, water, or wet sand into differently shaped containers and comparing them).
  • Develop problem-solving skills (figuring out how to dig a tunnel in wet sand so that it won't collapse).
  • Develop creativity (molding wet sand into a variety of shapes).

Table Toys/Manipulative

By going to the table toy center, the child is learning to :

  • Work cooperatively in small groups (playing lotto, dominoes, and memory and matching games).
  • Develop self-control (sharing toys and waiting for a turn with a desired toy).
  • Demonstrate perseverance and self-discipline (working with a puzzle until it has been completed).
  • Experience pride in accomplishments (seeing a task through from start to finish).


The child will use the "writing process" to express thoughts and feelings.  Children:

  • Develop understanding that writing is a way of communicating for a variety of purposes.
  • Progress from using scribbles, shapes, or pictures to represent ideas to using letter-like symbols, or writing familiar words such as their own name.
  • Participate in writing opportunities.
  • Begin to remember and repeat stories and experiences through drawing and dictation.


As you read with the child, he or she can learn the following:

  • To love books and stories.
  • To recall events in a story and be able to repeat them.
  • To recognize that written marks on a page represent spoken words and ideas.
  • To listen to and understand a story.


By playing with blocks, the child can learn the following:

  • To judge distance, space, and physical relationships.
  • To create scenes for dramatic play.
  • To stack blocks carefully, thereby developing eye-hand coordination and small muscle skills.
  • To compare and sort.
  • To describe what he or she has made.


By going outside the child is learning to:

  • Develop large muscle skills (climbing, swinging, jumping, skipping, and running).
  • Develop small muscle skills (playing with sand and water, drawing, painting, and picking up small objects).
  • Coordinate eye-hand movements (catching, throwing, woodworking, and decorating the sidewalk with chalk).
  • Improve balance (climbing, swinging, sliding, using the balance beam, using spring-rocking equipment, hopping and walking on different surfaces).
  • Make decisions (choosing and outdoor activity).
  • Plan and carry through ideas (playing games, building sand structures, dling woodwork, crating artwork, and growing plants).
  • Solve problems (making a tunnel through sand, getting from one place to another on playground equipment, and connecting two pieces of wood).
  • Take turns, negotiate compromises, and cooperate (using playground equipment, sharing art materials, and playing group games).

Music and Movement

By having music ana dmovement times the child is learning to:

  • Refine listening skills by noticing changes in tempo or pitch (adapting one's dancing or clapping to shifts in temp or beat).
  • Increase awareness of different movements or body positions (folding legs like a child in picture book).
  • Develop social skills by playing cooperative musical games (simple games such as "Ring Around the Rosy,' or those requiring more cooperation such as "Farmer in the Dell").
  • Improve balance, coordination, and rhythm through dancing and other movement activities (playing "Follow the Leader").
  • Improve small motor skills (learning finger plays and playing musical instruments).

Home Living and Dramatic Play

By going to the homeliving center and being involved in dramatic play the child is learning to:

  • Knowledge of roles outside of the family.
  • Understandings of what their parents do at work.
  • Understanding of the world around them and, in particular, of the community they live in.
  • Opportunities to learn new vocabulary and verbalize discoveries.
  • Opportunities to play cooperatively.


By going to the art center the child is learning to:

  • Be creative using materials at hand.
  • Apply glue or to use scissors, both of which require fine muscle skills that are important for writing.
  • Appreciate differences in texture, shape, and size.
  • Enjoy art for art's sake: the process is what's important.


By using the computer, the child is learning to:

  • Develop small muscle skills (putting a disk in the disk drive, clicking on a computer mouse, and using the keyboard).
  • Refine eye and hand coordination (moving the cursor to a desired place on the screen).
  • Improve visual skills (tracking movement on the screen).
  • Work cooperatively with others (working in pairs at the computer).
  • Take responsibility for one's own work (directing the flow of a program).
  • Identify and sort objects by attributes such as color, shape, and size (using programs that develop classification skills).
  • Learn sequencing and order (using programs that focus on size and patterning).
  • Develop early reading skills (relating word labels to graphics).